2017; 02(04): 067-077 hpb/17/1720/gmj

Original Research Article

Epidemiology of Depression in Low Income and Low Education Adolescents: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Dr. Silvana Silveira Kempfer*1 , Dr. Gisele Cristina Manfrini Fernandes1, Dr. Emilene Reisdorfer2, Dr. Juliana Balbinot Reis Girondi, Dr. Luciara Fabiane Sebold, Dr. André Luís Porporatti, Dr. Graziela De Luca Canto.
1*Nursing Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil.
2Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
3Department of Prosthodontics, Bauru School of Dentistry of the University of São Paulo, Bauru, Brazil.
4School of Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Canada

Correspondence to
Dr. Juliana Balbinot Reis Girondi, Nursing Department, Federal University of Santa Catarina.

First Published Online 02 May 2017

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this systematic review was to verify the epidemiology of depressive disorders among adolescents with low income and low schooling levels. Method: Studies were gathered by searching on the databases Cinahl, LILACS, Proquest, Psychinfo, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science, up to May 12, 2015 and updated on December 08, 2015, with no time or language restrictions. Results: The results from this meta-analysis revealed that the overall of depression symptoms among adolescents with low income and low schooling levels was 12.46 %. This review confirms a high prevalence of depression among adolescents with no differences regarding gender (50.7%) and more frequently among individuals with some family disruption. Conclusion: The prevalence of depression and depressive symptoms is high and frequently among individuals associated with some low income and low schooling levels in their family.

Keywords: Review; Prevalence; Adolescent; Depressive Disorder.

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