2016; 01(01): 001-005 nrp/16/1621/gmj

Original Research Article

Reviving Nurses' Role as Health Educators; Breast Cancer in a Developing Country.

Huda Al Darweesh, Maha Abdel Hadi, Reem Al Madani, Zahra Al Mahsen
King Fahd Hospital of the University P.O.Box 40293 Al-Khobar 31952 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Correspondence to
Maha Abdel Hadi Professor/ Consultant General & Breast surgeon King Fahd Hospital of the University P.O.Box 40293 Al-Khobar 31952 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Tel: 00966505843710 E-mail: mhadi@uod.edu.sa

First Published Online 17 November 2016

ABSTRACT

Aim: Early breast cancer detection is essential and can only be achieved both by the dissemination of knowledge and breast cancer awareness campaign. Firstly, health care professionals ought to ensure a sound structure of Breast Cancer Awareness Program (BCAP), secondly, they must ensure to direct it towards the communities. This study aims to explore the potential role of nurses as first line health care providers aiding in BCAP.
Materials and Methods: This Cross-Sectional descriptive pilot tested study was conducted in four major hospitals and neighboring health centers in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia between February - August 2015. Designed structured questionnaires hard and soft copies were utilized to cover demographic data, high-risk factors, knowledge and attitudes towards breast cancer. The sample includes randomly selected 490 female nursing staff and students.
Results: Response rate was 90%. Age ranged between 19-59 years with a mean of 28.06 years (SD=6.4). Of the 490 responders, 447 were hospital nursing staff while 43 were health center staff. High-risk group accounted for 101 (20%). Their low total score in general knowledge, management, and knowledge of the treating physician were 46.8%, 36.8% and 27.7%. While encouraging scores of 64.74%. Were recorded in Attitude and behavior towards BCAP these results show that their limited knowledge did not deter them from the obligation towards health education.
Conclusion: Need for breast cancer awareness programs (BCAP) cannot be overemphasized. In culture based communities, women healthcare professionals are the potential candidates for successful breast health education. Nurses, in particular, may be the ideal task force in BCAP. Their readiness and easy approachability facilitate communication. The role of well-trained nurses in health education through audit courses and well-designed workshops will impact positively on BCAP.

Keywords: Health education, Breast cancer, Response rate, Nurses

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