2018; 02(01): 001-010 nrp/18/1622/gmj

Original Research Article

The Role of Kegel Exercises in Women's Awareness.

Barbara Kozakiewicz1,2 Angelika Gorecka1 Malgorzata Chądzynska 3.
1Medical University of Warsaw Faculty of Health Sciences in Warsaw, Poland

2Maria Sklodowska-Curie Institute of Oncology Warsaw, Poland

2Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw, Poland.

Correspondence to
Barbara Kozakiewicz, 02-134 Warszawa, ul. Wawelska 15, Poland E-mail: wum@wp.eu E-mail: wum@wp.eu

First Published Online 31 January 2018

ABSTRACT

Background: The first description of pelvic floor muscle exercises was presented in 1948 by Arnold H. Kegel. He determined that the use of contracting and relaxing exercises of pelvic floor muscles in women with incontinence problems restores deep feeling in the levator ani muscle, prevents lowering of the reproductive organs and stress urinary incontinence. Aim: Assessment and comparison of the knowledge of younger women without incontinence problems versus older women with incontinence problems about the familiarity, correctness and frequency of Kegel exercises, and an assessment of the effectiveness of these exercises. Methods: The research included a group of 400 women, 200 respondents were young women who do not suffer from incontinence and an equally large group of 200 women with incontinence problems. Data on the desirability of the exercises and their effects were obtained through a questionnaire as part of an original survey filled out voluntarily by the respondents. Statistica 10.0 package by StatSoft was used for the statistical analysis. Only non-parametric tests were used to analyse the variables. Analysis of variables was carried out using Pearson's chi-square test. Critical significance level of 0.95 was assumed for p<0.05. Results: It has been determined that the knowledge about the method of performing Kegel exercises among the respondents is high - 79.3%. Similarly, many respondents were convinced about the effectiveness of the exercises - 61.3% of women (p=0.002). Kegel muscle exercises were performed by 40.3% of the respondents, more often by young women (45%), who were not affected by this problem, in comparison to 35.5% (p<0.001) of women suffered from incontinence. Conclusion: It has been shown that it is necessary to motivate women to perform Kegel exercises and to supervise their correctness. Both these functions can be performed by midwives who have knowledge of Kegel exercises as well as frequent contacts with women in various life situations, which is why they can inform women about the essence and importance of these exercises.

Keywords: Kegel exercises, incontinence, pubococcygeal muscle

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